Late in his career, Mies was commissioned to design the main D.C. public library, named in honor of Martin Luther King, Jr. In contrast to Mies’s better known projects such as the Seagrams Building, a moderately tall skyscraper in New York City, and 860-880 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, upscale housing towers, the library is only four stories above ground. But all three projects display Mies’s trademark emphasis on a highly visible gridded facade. In Seagrams and MLK Library the facades had a strong vertical emphasis created by steel i-beams welded on to the frame.
Mies, who was awarded the AIA Gold Medal and Royal Gold Medal, among numerous other recognitions as a leading Modernist architect, designed the building from 1965-1966, ground broken July 1968, and the library opened either August or September 1972. (Various sources site different key dates for this building.)
The building very recently closed for renovation (including roof garden and floor plans) and will only reopen in 2020. Washingtonia Collection is at the DC Historical Society’s space at the Carnegie Library.
The architect for the renovation is Martinez and Johnson. The architectural historian is Traceries.
Top photo shows G Street (main facade at left) and 9th Street side. Bottom photo showing I beams detail on 9th Street. photos copyrighted by Bill Lebovich, 2017
On April 13,1861, U. S. Army Major Robert Anderson surrendered Ft. Sumter, Charleston,South Carolina, to the Confederacy. On April 27th, the Maryland Senate and House of Delegates convened at Kemp Hall, corner of E. Church and N. Market Streets, Frederick, to discuss whether Maryland should follow the southern states and secede from the Union. The senators and delegates never voted on the issue. Lincoln had his troops arrest the pro-Secessionists members of the Maryland General Assembly, preventing the august body from having the necessary quorum for taking a vote.
The building is a distinctive revival building of approximately 1860 with arched window heads and wide, bracketed cornice. It is connected by a lower, setback hyphen with circular window to the third building, along Church. This building is slightly lower than the hyphen building, which in turn is slightly lower than the main building. Only the main building has arched windows. The glass store front covers the N. Market St. facade and part of the Church St. facade, which has later brickwork.
Built for a Cincinnati industrialist in 1904 and designed by the prominent NYC society architect Bruce Price and the equally prominent Washington,DC society architect Jules Henri de Sibour, this house is strikingly beautiful with its steep Mansard roof, strong visual contrast between the deep red brick walls and white stone quoins, and compact yet soaring massing.
As architecturally impressive as the exterior is, it is outdone by the interior with its rich wood paneling and the sense of movement from space to space, and grand ballroom.
The building is now the Embassy of Columbia’s ambassador’s residence.
De Sibour designed many grand residences in the Embassy Row neighborhood, including 1785 Mass. Ave.,the former headquarters of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. (photograph by (c) Bill Lebovich,2016)
One of the most popular rows for tourists is also one of the best rows. The power of simple motifs repeated down the row creates a sense of harmony, rhythm, and horizontal and vertical movement. No American architectural style achieved so much with such restraint. In most periods, such as classical revival, Richardsonian Romanesque — all great styles, and the post modernism, architects depend on bold statements to say their design is important architecture.
Designed by Jules Henri deSibour, one of Washington,DC’s finest architects of the early 20th century, 1785 was home to Andrew Mellon when he was Secretary of Treasury. It is believed he occupied the entire top floor. The British Art Dealer Lord Duveen rented the floor below and displayed his art collection. He invited Mellon to view it and the approach worked. Mellon bought the collection, which became the basis of National Gallery of Art.
The building was the headquarters of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. As the Trust was selling the building, the Trust hired me to photograph the building for the HABS Collection at the Library of Congress. I took more than 200 4 x5 black and white archival processed negatives and an archival print of each negative.
The American Enterprise Institute bought the building, joining Brookings, John Hopkins,and Carnegie Institute as some of the think tanks along this section of Massachusetts Ave., between 17th and 18th Streets.
The first photo (black and white) is from April 2014. The second photo is from November 2016.
35mm,digital, and 4 x 5 film
Embassy Row, November 12,2016 early afternoon.
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Designed by Norman Foster, this 2006 skyscraper is dramatically different than any building built at the time. And I think it broke the mold for how skyscrapers should look. No more or at least less regular grids of verticals and horizontals in NYC high rise. Now, more glass, with twists as the building rises or changes in massing.
The Hearst Tower sits on a six story base (in the shadows) built in 1928. It has been described as Art Deco,but it is at least as much fortress like.
Architectural photography/architectural history walking tour
Saturday, November 12, 2016 from 10:00 AM to 12:30 PM (EST)
Architectural photography/architectural history walking tour
Washington, DC 20036
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Detail of the cornice of gatehouse designed by Charles Bulfinch, third Architect of the Capitol, in approximately 1827, for the grounds of the U.S. Capitol. This gatehouse and another one by Bulfinch were moved to Constitution Ave, closer to the White House, in the late 19th century.
Bulfinch, considered one of the first professional architects in this country, took drawing courses as a Harvard undergraduate and then traveled through Europe observing architecture.